I would like to understand why when the system asks me to close a question I have only three options and the other options are not visible. For example it is not viewable: the question is resolved in the comments or other possibilities that I see from the closure of other users and not when I decide to close a question on my screen.
The reasons you note that is absent in the choices for voting to close a question as off-topic stems from the original close-voter using the "Other (add a comment explaining what is wrong)" choice and writing an appropriate comment.
You'll note that there is no mention within the closure notification added to a question other than it's off-topic. Consider this example that was closed as off-topic via the "Other ..." method:
The comment added by the original close-voter is added to the list of comments below the question in order to notify the original author:
Once the "Other ..." closure option is chosen and a comment is added, it's added as one of the reasons within the closure dialog for future visitors that have the vote-to-close privilege. The upvotes accompanying the closure-comment gives an indication of the number of users that chose that exact same reason to close the question.
The suggested comment for closure is prefixed with "I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because" so as to make sense within the voting structure. However, you could add whatever detail you want as a comment.